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Frank Yin

USATT#: 1168345

Introduction
This page explains how Frank Yin (USATT# 1168345)'s rating went from 1718 to 1790 at the 2021 Joola North American Team held on 26 Nov 2021 - 28 Nov 2021. These ratings are calculated by the ratings processor which goes through 4 passes over the match results data for a tournament. The following values are produced at the end of each of the 4 passes of the ratings processor for Frank Yin for this tournament.

Initial Rating Pass 1 Pass 2 Pass 3 Final Rating (Pass 4)
1718 1813 1718 1798 1790


You can click here to view a table of all the resultant values from each of the 4 passes (and the initial rating) of the ratings processor for all of the 605 players in this tournament. Sections below for further details on the initial rating and the 4 passes of the ratings processor.

Note: We use mathematical notation to express the exact operations carried out in each pass of the ratings processor below. Whenever you see a variable/symbol such as for example Xi3, we are following the convention that the superscript part of the variable (in this case "3") indicates an index (such as in a series), and it should not be misconstrued to be an exponent (which is how it is used by default).

Initial Rating
The initial rating of a player for a tournament is the rating the player received at the end of the most recent tournament prior to the current tournament. If this is the first tournament the player has ever participated in (based on our records), then the player has no initial rating.

The initial rating for 2021 Joola North American Team held on 26 Nov 2021 - 28 Nov 2021 for Frank Yin, and its source tournament are as follows:
Initial Rating From Tournament Start Day End Day
1718 15th Si & Patty Wasserman Jr. Open Table Tennis Championships 5 Nov 2021 7 Nov 2021

Click here to view the details of the initial ratings for all the players in this tournament.

Pass 1 Rating
In Pass 1, we only consider all the players that come into this tournament with an initial rating while ignoring all the unrated players. If a rated player has a match against an unrated player, then that match result is ignored from the pass 1 calculations as well. We apply the point exchange table shown below to all the matches participated in by the rated players:

Point Spread Expected Result Upset Result
0 - 12 8 8
13 - 37 7 10
38 - 62 6 13
63 - 87 5 16
88 - 112 4 20
113 - 137 3 25
138 - 162 2 30
163 - 187 2 35
188 - 212 1 40
213 - 237 1 45
238 and up 0 50

Suppose player A has an initial rating of 2000 and player B has an initial rating of 2064, and they played a match against each other. When computing the impact of this match on their rating, the "Point Spread" (as it is referred to in the table above) between these two players is the absolute value of the difference their initial ratings. When the player with the higher rating wins, presumably the better player won, which is the expected outcome of a match, and therefore the "Expected Result" column applies. If the player with the lower rating wins the match, then presumably this is not expected, and therfore it is deemed as an "Upset Result" and the value from that column in the table above is used. So, in our example of player A vs player B, if player B wins the watch, then the expected outcome happens, and 5 points are added to player B's rating and 5 points are deducted from player A's rating. Looking at Frank Yin's match results and applying the point exchange table, gives us the following result:

Frank Yin's Wins
Winner Loser
Point Spread Outcome Gain Player USATT # Rating Player USATT # Rating
94 EXPECTED 4 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Noel Furniss 216240 1624
633 EXPECTED 0 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Fabian Orama 1132421 1085
0 0 Frank Yin 1168345 0 Jeriel Torres Rivera 1173508 0
274 UPSET 50 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Songtao Feng 266289 1992
89 UPSET 20 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Feng Xue 211614 1807
16 UPSET 10 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Kurtus Hsu 98192 1734
15 UPSET 10 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Wilson Cheah 202587 1733
32 EXPECTED 7 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Kas Sivaguru 230109 1686
65 UPSET 16 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Logan Herman 94695 1783
4 UPSET 8 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Yuanhao Li 217360 1722
137 UPSET 25 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 William Feng 222276 1855
139 UPSET 30 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Jay J Chen 216241 1857
55 EXPECTED 6 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Jaymee Stout 79745 1663
76 UPSET 16 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Pj Engel 86114 1794

Frank Yin's Losses
Winner Loser
Point Spread Outcome Loss Player USATT # Rating Player USATT # Rating
31 EXPECTED -7 Eugene Sazhin 927269 1749 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
377 EXPECTED -0 William Xu 211835 2095 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
404 EXPECTED -0 Shyam Purohit 265236 2122 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
289 EXPECTED -0 Gene Chou 230777 2007 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
0 -0 Julian Woo 271730 0 Frank Yin 1168345 0
181 EXPECTED -2 Chiupong Huang 88109 1899 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
127 EXPECTED -3 Siqi Yang 218595 1845 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
232 EXPECTED -1 Danny Wan 219179 1950 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
30 EXPECTED -7 Mossa Barandao 84060 1748 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
1 UPSET -8 Rath Yin 217197 1717 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
153 UPSET -30 Andrew Pham 1157443 1565 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
66 UPSET -16 Lee Abraham 213178 1652 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
139 UPSET -30 Brian Fong 217018 1579 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
225 EXPECTED -1 Robert Page 59575 1943 Frank Yin 1168345 1718
181 EXPECTED -2 Tze Ling Ng 1168672 1899 Frank Yin 1168345 1718

You can click here to view a table of outcomes and points gained/lost from all the matches with all the players in this tournament.

The "Outcome" column above, shows whether the match had an expected (player with the higher rating wins the match) or an upset (player with the higher rating loses the match) outcome. Based on this outcome, and using both the player's initial rating, we apply the point exchange table from above and show the ratings points earned and lost by Frank Yin in the "Gain" column. Matches are separated out into two tables for wins and losses where points are gained and lost respectively. We get the following math to calculate the Pass 1 Rating for Frank Yin:

Initial Rating Gains/Losses Pass 1 Rating
1718 - 7 + 4 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 + 0 - 2 + 50 - 3 - 1 - 7 - 8 - 30 - 16 + 20 + 10 - 30 + 10 - 1 + 7 + 16 - 2 + 8 + 25 + 30 + 6 + 16 =1813

You can click here to view a table of pass1 calculations for all the rated players in this tournament.

Pass 2 Rating
The purpose of this pass is solely to determine ratings for unrated players. To do this, we first look at the ratings for rated players that came out of Pass 1 to determine an “Pass 2 Adjustment”. The logic for this is as follows:

  1. We calculate the points gained in Pass 1. Points gained is simply the difference between the Pass 1 Rating and the Initial Rating of a player:

    ρi2 = Pi1 - Pi0
    where,

    Symbol Universe Description
    Pi0 Pi0+ the initial rating for the i-th player. We use the symbol P and the superscript 0 to represent the idea that we sometimes refer to the process of identifying the initial rating of the given player as Pass 0 of the ratings processor.
    Pi1 Pi1+ the Pass 1 rating for the i-th player.
    ρi2 ρi2 the points gained by the i-th player in this tournament. Note here that we use the superscript 2 to denote that this value is calculated and used in Pass 2 of the ratings processor. Further, ρi2 only exists for players who have a well defined Pass 1 Rating. For Players with an undefined Pass 1 Rating (unrated players), will have an undefined ρi2.
    i i[1,605] the index of the player under consideration. i can be as small as 1 or as large as 605 for this tournament and the i-th player must be a rated player.

  2. For rated players, Pass 1 points gained, ρi2, is used to calculate the Pass 2 Adjustment in the following way:
    1. If a player gained less than 50 points (exclusive) in pass 1, then we set that player's Pass 2 Adjustment to his/her Initial Rating.
    2. If a player gained between 50 and 74 (inclusive) points in pass 1, then we set the player's Pass 2 Adjustment to his/her Final Pass1 Rating.
    3. If a player gains 75 or more points (inclusive) in pass 1, then the following formula applies:
      • If the player has won at least one match, and lost at least 1 match in the tournament, then the player's Pass 2 Adjustment is the average of his/her Final Pass 1 Rating and the average of his/her opponents rating from the best win and the worst loss, represented using the formula below:

        αi2 = Pi1 + Bi + Wi 2 2

        where αi2 is the Pass 2 Adjustment for the current player, Pi1 is the Pass 1 Rating, Bi is the rating of the highest rated opponent against which the current player won a match, and Wi is the rating of the lowest rated opponent against which the current player lost a match.
      • If a player has not lost any of his/her matches in the current tournament, the mathematical median (rounded down to the nearest integer) of all of the player's opponents initial rating is used as his/her Pass 2 Adjustment:

        αi2 = {Pk0}

        where Pk0 is the initial rating of the player who was the i-th player's opponent from the k-th match.
        Symbol Universe Description
        i i[1,605] the index of the player under consideration. i can be as small as 1 or as large as 605 for this tournament and the i-th player must be a rated player.
        q q[1,5347] the index of the match result under consideration. q can be as small as 1 or as large as 5347 for this tournament and the q-th match must be have both rated players as opponents.
        g g[1,5] the g-th game of the current match result under consideration. q can be as small as 1 or as large as 5 for this tournament assuming players play up to 5 games in a match.
        Pk0 Pk0+ initial rating of the i-th player's opponent from the k-th match.


      • Therefore, the Pass 2 Adjustment for Frank Yin is calculated as follows:
        • Given the initial rating of 1718,
        • and the Pass 1 rating of 1813,
        • the Pass 1 gain is 1813 - 1718 = 95.
        • Since the Pass 1 Gain of 95 is greater than 74, and Frank Yin has won some matches and lost some matches, the Pass 2 Rating is calculated to be the average of the Pass 1 Rating and the average of the Best win and the worst loss:

          1813 + 1992 + 1565 2 2 =1795    (mod 1)


        You can click here to view a table of Pass 2 Adjustments for all the rated players in this tournament.

  3. After calculating the Pass 2 Adjustment for all the rated players as described above, we can now calculate the Pass 2 Rating for all the unrated players in this tournament (which is the main purpose of Pass 2). Pass 2 Rating is calculated using the following formula:
    1. If all of the matches of an unrated player are against other unrated players, then the Pass 2 Rating for that player is simply set to 1200. You can click here to view these players who received a 1200 Pass 2 Rating. Not all of Frank Yin's matches were against unrated players. So this rule does not apply to him.
    2. For unrated players with wins and losses, where at least 1 of the opponents has an initial rating, the Pass 2 Rating is the average of the best win and the worst loss (using the Pass 2 Adjustment of all rated players) as defined by this formula here:

      Pi2 = Bi2 + Wi2 2

      where Pi2 is the Pass 2 Rating for the i-th player, Bi2 is the largest Pass 2 Adjustment (best win) of the opponenet against whom the i-th player won a match, and Wi2 is the smallest Pass 2 Adjustment (worst loss) of the opponent against whom the i-th player lost a match.
    3. For unrated players with all wins and no losses, where at least 1 of the opponents has an initial rating, the Pass 2 Rating is calculated using the following formula:
      Pi2 = Bi2 + k=0Mi-1 I(Bi2-αk2)
      where the function I(x) is defined as, \begin{equation} I(x)=\left\{ \begin{array}{ll} 10, & \text{if}\ x >= 1, x <= 50 \\ 5, & \text{if}\ x >= 51, x <=100 \\ 1, & \text{if}\ x >= 101, x <= 150 \\ 0, & \text{otherwise} \end{array}\right. \end{equation}
      where,
      Symbol Universe Description
      Pi2 Pi2+ the pass 2 rating, of the i-th player in this tournament only applicable to unrated players, where Pi0 is not defined
      Bi2 Bi2+ the largest of the Pass 2 Adjustments of opponents of the i-th player against whom he/she won a match.
      αk2 αk2+ the Pass 2 Adjustment of the player who was the opponent of the i-th player in the k-th match
      I(x) I:+ a function that maps all integers to one of the values from -- 0, 1, 5, 10.
      Mi Mi+ total number of matches played by the i-th player in this tournament
      k k[0,Mi-1]+ The index of the match of the i-th player ranging from 0 to Mi-1
    4. For unrated players with all losses and no wins, where at least 1 of the opponents has an initial rating, the Pass 2 Rating is calculated using the following formula:
      Pi2 = Wi2 + k=0Mi-1 I(Wi2-αk2)
      where I(x) is defined above and,

      Symbol Universe Description
      Pi2 Pi2+ the pass 2 rating, of the i-th player in this tournament only applicable to unrated players, where Pi0 is not defined
      Wi2 Wi2+ the smallest of the Pass 2 Adjustments of opponents of the i-th player against whom he/she lost a match.
      αk2 αk2+ the Pass 2 Adjustment of the player who was the opponent of the i-th player in the k-th match
      I(x) I:+ a function that maps all integers to one of the values from -- 0, 1, 5, 10.
      Mi Mi+ total number of matches played by the i-th player in this tournament
      k k[0,Mi-1]+ The index of the match of the i-th player ranging from 0 to Mi-1
    5. For the rated players, all the work done in Pass 1 and Pass 2 to undone and they have their ratings reset back to their initial ratings while the unrated players keep their Pass 2 Adjustment as their final Pass 2 Rating. Since Frank Yin is a rated player, his Pass 2 Adjustment of 1795 will be ignored, along with him Pass 1 Rating of 1813 and his Pass 2 Rating will be set to his initial rating of 1718 with which he came into this tournament.


Click here to see detailed information about the Pass 2 Ratings of all the other players in this tournament.

Pass 3 Rating
Any of the unrated players who have all wins or all losses are skipped in Pass 3. Since Frank Yin has an initial rating of 1718, he is not an unrated player, and therefore this rule does not apply to him. You can click here to view list of all the players that are skipped in this Pass 3.

Pass 3 Rating is calculated using 2 steps described below:
  1. In the first part of Pass 3, we apply the point exchange table described in Pass 1 above except this time by using all the players' Pass 2 Ratings. Looking at Frank Yin's wins and losses and applying the point exchange table, gives us the following result:
    Frank Yin's Wins
    Winner Loser
    Point Spread Outcome Gain Player USATT # Rating Player USATT # Rating
    94 EXPECTED 4 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Noel Furniss 216240 1624
    633 EXPECTED 0 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Fabian Orama 1132421 1085
    0 0 Frank Yin 1168345 0 Jeriel Torres Rivera 1173508 0
    274 UPSET 50 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Songtao Feng 266289 1992
    89 UPSET 20 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Feng Xue 211614 1807
    16 UPSET 10 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Kurtus Hsu 98192 1734
    15 UPSET 10 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Wilson Cheah 202587 1733
    32 EXPECTED 7 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Kas Sivaguru 230109 1686
    65 UPSET 16 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Logan Herman 94695 1783
    4 UPSET 8 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Yuanhao Li 217360 1722
    137 UPSET 25 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 William Feng 222276 1855
    139 UPSET 30 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Jay J Chen 216241 1857
    55 EXPECTED 6 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Jaymee Stout 79745 1663
    76 UPSET 16 Frank Yin 1168345 1718 Pj Engel 86114 1794